Megatherium , the Giant ground sloth
The Megatherium or Giant ground sloth is the largest endemic South American mammal. It can walk on its hind legs like a bear. Standing on its hind legs, it is taller than an elephant. Rising on its hind legs and using its tail as an additional support, the Megatherium uses the long forelegs with the sharp curved claws to pull down branches with the choicest leaves, which Megatherium as a very selective eater tears off with its large, narrow, prehensile lips.
Standing upright height: 520 cm
Head-Tail length: 6 m
Footprint: 88 x 48 cm
Body weight: 4-6 tons
Habitat: Pampas region and the Andean mountains up to a height of 4.500 m
Extinction: After the arrival of the first people on the continent the Megatherium disappeared because of overhunting from most parts of its large distribution about 10.000 years ago and became definitely extinct 7000-8000 years ago.